• Resources

  • Experience Chinese Ancient Technology

    Chinese ancient scientific and technological achievements were brilliant. This project includes four hands-on experience activities with the theme of Chinese ancient science and technology.

    (1)Wooden Ox and Glinding Horse

    According to legend, wooden ox and glinding horse is a transport tool invented by Zhu Geliang in the Three Kingdoms period. This activity focuses on the recovery of “wooden ox”. After nearly 1700 years of evolution, wooden ox’s prototype has been lost. According to the record history of more than 100 words, there are many different types of contemporary vision. In addition to the wheel type and four legs model, unicycle way gets the unanimous recognition. Whether the wooden ox has the unicycle structure or not? Starting from the historical background of the Three Kingdoms period, we put forward the basic idea of oscillating motion mechanism. Come and experience the production process with us.

    (2)Trotting Horse Lamp

    Trotting horse lamp is also called PanChi lamp, turn heron lamp, horse riding lamp and etc. It was invented in the Song Dynasty about 1000 AD. On the lamp chimney there are drawing pictures of ancient warrior on horsebacks. When the candles lit inside the lamp, the lamp is slowly beginning to turn; the drawing pictures on the chimney also moving around. The warrior on horseback looks as if to catch or outdo each other, hence the name is gained. This activity is to design a set of notable paper model revolving around the secret of trotting horse lamp and understand the principle of trotting horse lamp.


        (3)Weaving Chinese Knot

        When it comes to weaving, we should not be unfamiliar. We can see a lot of daily necessities which utilize the weaving technology, such as mat, basket, bamboo-made box, curtain, and bracelet and so on. Therefore, what is weaving in the end? Simply speaking, weaving is making elongated objects interlaced or hooked together orderly. Weaving is one of the most ancient crafts. According to the record of <Book of Changes. Xici>, the human being had woven net-pocket with plant bast in the Paleolithic period. They put stone ball in the net-pocket, which can be thrown to hit animals. Pottery unearthed from Neolithic ruins were printed with the character patterns of ‘十’ (Chinese characters, means ‘ten’)and ‘人’(Chinese characters, means ‘people’). It could clearly show that the patters were mat impressions. Some also found that there was residual bamboo of the mat adhered at the bottom of some ceramic bowls. In addition, the rush mat unearthed at the Hemudu Site, Zhejiang Yuyao, has a history of approximately 7000 years. There were a variety of weaving technologies during the long history. Then, please join me in learning three different weaving crafts, including plain weave, twill weave and satin weave.


        (4) Papermaking experience

    Papermaking, one of the four great inventions of ancient China, is the accumulation of long-term experience and the achievements of wisdom of the working people in ancient China. It is also an outstanding invention in the history of human civilization. Generally, the paper is made of plant fibers. With the process of pulping, plant fibers become aqueous suspension. Then, the suspension is staggered on the grid, and then evaporated, compressed and dried. After these processes, paper is produced finally. China was the first country in the world to invent paper. According to archaeological findings, there was hemp fiber paper in China already in Western Han dynasty. The first year of Yuanxing period in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Cai Lun improved the papermaking technology. With bark, hemp and cloth pieces, fishing nets and other raw materials, he made paper through the process of rubbing, ramming, dipping and baking. This is the origin of modern paper. Papermaking experience activity will allow the participants to fully understand the core steps of papermaking including paper-pulping, paper-dipping and paper-drying.

    Resource Unit:China Science and Technology Museum

    Sharing Mode:Negotiation

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